These support a segmental pediment with a broken top, and with little curlucues at the broken ends and the outer angles. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in Canada. It was visited continuously through the Middle Ages. Presumably the previous dedication was to St Bernard, one of the most prominent members of the Cistercians. The only evidence for this is a graffito in one of the 4th century mausolea attached to the church, reading Domus Petri ("house of Peter"). Sorry, there are no tours or activities available to book online for the date(s) you selected. Still looking at this old wall, to the left you can see the outline of a little apse in the fabric. The archaeologists found the red plaster in the Triclia covered in hundreds of scratched graffiti, which make it clear that assemblies and funerary banquets in honour of the apostles took place there. These make it clear that the complex was the focus of veneration of SS Peter and Paul, and the niched structure is arguably the place where their relics were kept for a time. The complex was put in the charge of monks called Cistercensi Riformati, but the abbacy of the monastery was filled by a cardinal protector (note that the church was not then titular). The sumptuous polychrome marble and bronze altar is above the shrine, facing out in the nave, and bears an epigraph on a plaque of lapis lazuli which reads: Sebastiano, Christi militi et martyri, ecclesiae defensori, propulsori pestilitatis ("To Sebastian, the soldier of Christ and martyr, defender of the Church and expeller of bubonic plague"). On the ceiling is God the Father with Saints by Pietro da Cortona 1618, and on the wall is a badly perished Madonna and Child with SS Sebastian and Lucina by Marco Tullio Fontana. There is actually a persuasive argument that none of the basilicas built by Constantine functioned as churches originally except San Giovanni in Laterano, that is to say as places where Mass was celebrated at an altar with a congregation in attendance. On the far right side of the nave is the Albani chapel, a structurally separate edifice on the plan of a Greek cross with a central dome, of almost the same design as the main dome but slightly smaller and lower. The right hand frame has an epigraph describing the commissioning of the chapel, while the left has a niche containing an unhappy pot plant. It is by Innocenzo Tacconi. Requiescat in pace, rosarum amator. Hence, the conclusion is drawn that a cult-centre to the Apostles was founded here in that year. To the right in the courtyard is the modern entrance to the catacombs, where you buy your ticket. lists a joint feast of SS Peter and Paul in catacumbas. The guide will point out the many graffiti on the surviving red plaster surfaces in the triclia, which are in Greek, Latin and Aramaic or Syriac. These catacombs are one of five in Rome open to the public. This last edifice was to have a long history as the so-called Platonia. It used to be thought that the sculpture was based on a drawing by Bernini himself. This work is arguably a better design than the main church façade. The pilgrimage arrangements were different to what they are now. There is a tall lantern with round-headed window slits, having a little lead cupola with a brim looking rather like a 17th century helmet. The walls of these covered porticoes were in red plaster. more, Top Selling Tours & Activities in and around Rome. This is one of six paleo-Christian Roman basilicas discovered with a semi-circular far end, and its aisles meeting at the back as an ambulatory. The far arch on the left hand side is a chapel St Francis of Assisi . Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The architectural design of the nave fabric is, frankly, rather poor -and the uniform colour scheme in cream does not help. It is worth looking at the exterior of the monastery and church if you can, by passing through the exit door in the Chapel of the Crucifix. Ponzio was assisted by Giacomo Mola in the execution of the project. These windows sit on a low attic plinth with four wide posts and a little recessed panel below each window, and are separated by four pairs of blind pilasters which are connected by an architrave running below the cornice of the crowning pediment (there is no proper entablature here). If you wish to walk from the city, go down the private driveway through the gate opposite Domine Quo Vadis. Ti risponderemo il prima possibile. San Sebastiano fuori le Mura is a heavily remodelled 4th century minor basilica with older catacombs, and is at Via Appia Antica 136 in the Ardeatino quarter. Behind the apse of the basilica is an annexe called the Platonia, which has its own entrance arrangements (now disused) already described above. Walking down the Via Appia from here is genuinely frightening, because the road is narrow with walls and is busy with traffic. This is a large marble box containing a famous statue of the dying saint by Antonio Giorgetti, one of Bernini's pupils. In the break hangs a floral swag. Skip the Line: Vatican Museums and Sistine... Skip-the-Line Colosseum Ticket with Optional... View all hotels near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino on Tripadvisor, View all restaurants near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino on Tripadvisor. Restaurants near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino, Rome on Tripadvisor: Find traveler reviews and candid photos of dining near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino in Rome, Italy. A niched aedicule with a pair of columns painted to resemble marble was built against this chamber. It is actually on the ground floor of the main monastery wing abutting on the church on this side, and an exit door into the monastery grounds is in the far left hand corner as you go in. Initially it was called Basilica Apostolorum, the Basilica of the Apostles, and was dedicated to SS Peter and Paul. The entire façade is in cream-coloured stucco which looks very crisp, and is of two storeys. Is this a romantic place or activity that you would suggest for, Is this a place or activity you would go to on a, Is this a must-do if you are travelling with a, Is this a place or activity you would suggest for, Would you recommend this place or activity to a friend looking for an, Navona / Pantheon / Campo de’ Fiori Hotels, Hotels near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino, Hotels near Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Hotels near Church of Saint Nicholas of the Lorrains, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore: Tickets & Tours, Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant'Angelo: Tickets & Tours. Very importantly, the bus runs on a one-way loop past the basilica; it will drop you outside the gate, but to catch it back to the city you have to turn left and walk up the road to the San Callisto catacombs stop. There is evidence that access was initially maintained when the 4th century basilica was built over it, but this was cut off probably in the 9th century. As a result, the Church undertook a campaign of bringing all the venerated relics of martyrs within the city walls, where they were re-enshrined in the various churches. The walls of these covered porticoes were in red plaster. The Franciscans have remained in charge to the present day. Nostra Signora di Guadalupe a Monte Mario, Santa Maria Addolorata a Piazza Buenos Aires, Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura -Basilica Constantiniana, https://romanchurches.fandom.com/wiki/San_Sebastiano_fuori_le_Mura?oldid=21147. Notizie. The so-called "Large Villa" is a 1st century AD dwelling consisting of several rooms around a central courtyard with a white mosaic pavement. In the 3rd century, the so-called "Small Villa" was built to the west of the columbaria. There was an underground well, accessed by a flight of steps in the courtyard, and on the south side the so-called "delta-cell" which was an apsidal chamber entered through three portals separated by columns. The left-hand, north side of the basilica was occupied by a row of large mausolea. Each loculus was for a single body (although more than one were often accommodated), and was sealed after an internment. These mausolea were perfectly preserved by being buried, have rich stucco and fresco decoration inside. Look behind you, to the east, and you will see a circular ruin of the Mausoleum of the Uranii (about 349). Two pairs of brick pilasters, the inner ones doubletted along their outer edge, stand on stone plinths and have swagged Ionic capitals incorporating the Barberini eagle. Pictures of the church at Wikimedia Commons are here. The far bay replicates this in reverse, except that the right hand wall was altered in the 18th century for the grand entrance into the Albani chapel. The cross arms are in bottony, and have little paintings. Take the Vicolo delle Sette Chiese to the north of the church, and where the road bend sharp right you go down a weedy cobbled lane to the left. The next arch contains an altar dedicated to St Frances of Rome. The present arrangement is a result of the restoration by Ponzi, who dug away the ground to create a gradual slope from the street to the church façade. The middle doorway on the left leads into the rectangular Chapel of the Crucifix, formerly the sacristy but fitted out by Carlo Fontana in 1727. The left hand doorway was knocked through the side wall of the eastern mausoleum, the fabric of which substantially survives as a room used for parish activities. The rest were kept in a chapel dedicated to the saint at St Peter's. Tra le parrocchie attualmente affidate ai frati francescani, San Sebastiano fuori le mura è la prima a Roma e una tra le primissime in tutta Italia. The altarpiece has a frame also in Siena, and depicts Calvary. Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino, Rome: See 18 reviews, articles, and 35 photos of Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino, ranked No.606 on Tripadvisor among 2,072 attractions in Rome. The entablature floats from posts at either end, themselves above blind pilasters at the corners of the storey. These two rows flanked a lane leading off the Via Appia, and to the south-west was was built the so-called "Large Villa" in the same century. The current cardinal priest is H.E. Immediately to the left of the church entrance is an inscription extolling the martyr St Eutychius, composed by Pope Damasus and executed by the famous 4th century calligrapher Furius Dionysius Philocalus. The Via Appia entered an overgrazed and treeless sheep-walk as soon as it left the Porta San Sebastiano, and the only buildings between the gate and the basilica complex (apart from the many ruined ancient tombs) were the little church of Domine Quo Vadis, a country inn opposite and the strange edifice of the Cappella di Reginald Pole. The archivolt of each arch also reaches the entablature, above which is a large recessed panel (intended originally for a fresco?). This edifice was replaced by a row of three smaller earlier mausolea, the lower courses of the easternmost two being preserved in rooms in the monastery. The latter crown the two central arches, and are Borghese heraldry again. This allowed access to the triclia. The far right hand side of the nave has a large entrance portal into a domed side chapel dedicated to Pope St Fabian (236-250) by Pope Clement XI, nicknamed the Albani Chapel after his family (which was originally from Albania!). Immediately to the right of the entrance is an attractive white marble Baroque monument to Altobello de Ense from Montecorvino (which one?) The triumphal arch is one of the four pendentive arches of the dome, which is undecorated except for stucco winged putto's heads at the bottoms of the pendentives, and dentillation in the moldings. What hotels are near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino? It is thought to have been constructed during the reign of Constantine. So, apart from the Lateran basilica it is thought that these basilicas were for funerary rites and commemorations -but nobody has any idea of the form that these took. Between these is verde antico revetting embellished with gilded stucco work and containing a niche with a statue of St Fabian by Pietro Francesco Papaleo. Above the door is a mediaeval epigraph provided with a Baroque frame. The name was eventually used for all the city's underground hypogaea. From the apse protrudes the sanctuary dome, which has a low octagonal drum topped by a tiled cupola in eight sectors. He built the present portico, in the process lowering the level of the former atrium to that of the interior of the church (it had been almost two metres above floor level beforehand). It was a rebuilding rather than a reconstruction of the original 15th century portico, with the addition of rooms over the loggia for the church's custodians. The work had to be finished by Giovanni Vasanzio, whose real name was Jan van Santen and who signed off the completed project in 1613. Hotels near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino: What restaurants are near Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino? Here, the figure of the saint and the angel holding a palm branch are in the round, on a painted background. The chapel has original frescoes. The chapel is a room painted in white, with a large restored late 14th century painted crucifix. These used to have frescoes thought to be of the 5th century, when the edifice was built, but these have perished. Against this building was a rectangular edifice with apse and narthex facing the basilica, but not connecting to it. The so-called "Small Villa" was, in reality, a meeting-place for those assembling to take part in funerary rites. The engaging bust is in a dark grey marble scallop shell. These are separated by recessed panels, too. The work was funded by a legacy from Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria. The consensus is that the aedicule mentioned was the focus of attention. The columns flank a cabinet of four shelves, with a Siena marble frame, a diapered grille in gilded bronze and a black marble frieze above with a winged putto's head. To the left are the parish facilities, with a very useful set of toilets. Where the two enclosures met is a confused set of walls of at least two building campaigns and focusing on an edifice on the plan of a Latin cross with apse. They span the 1st century AD, and the earliest ones were probably the first funerary monuments on the site. Pilgrimage visits to the basilica were seriously encouraged by St Philip Neri, who originated the Seven Churches devotion. St Eutychius is a martyr of an unknown date, whose epitaph by Pope St Damasus was recovered by archaeologists and is now on display within the church entrance. The memorial (actually put up in 1720) is a fine work in black, yellow, green, pink and purple marbles with two putti accompanying the half-length effigy of the cardinal. Unfortunately the gate is usually kept locked, so you may have to content yourself with peering through them. The relics of the saint were brought from St Peter's in 1218, and enshrined in a rectangular crypt under the lower left hand side of the present church. The counterfaçade has two storeys, the second one being lower. This was only recognized for what it is in 2001 (ignore the epigraph above saying Scipio Card. The work is unusual in that it shows the saint recumbent, and is in white marble with gilt bronze arrows. The outside wall also contains 4th century fabric, and behind the high altar there are remains of original fresco decoration imitating marble revetment. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Then comes one of the doorway arrangements just described, and finally another pilaster pairing with the near hand one of the first arch. This is flanked by a pair of little Borghese dragons, and the doorcase is flanked by pilaster strips ending in tasselled strap corbels. The relics of St Sebastian were enshrined in a chapel to the right hand side of the nave. Cresima. The altarpiece is so bad as to be winsome. Below the courtyard, and illuminated by a central skylight, is a perfectly preserved room with geometric wall paintings dating to the first half of the 3rd century. He was buried at San Bernardo alle Terme, but his heart was interred here according to his wish. Notably, the famous archaeologist Giovanni Battista de Rossi triumphantly succeeded in finding the entrance to the inaccessible Catacombe di San Callisto in a vineyard in 1854. Beware of the ATAC online route map, it doesn't show this (although their general bus service map does). In the Middle Ages, before the rebuilding, in front of the church was a walled atrium or courtyard with a single gate fronting the Via Appia. The next niche contains a superb cenotaph memorial to Cardinal Giovanni Maria Gabrielli 1711, a Cistercian Abbot General who loved the basilica and monastery and had his heart interred here. However the consensus is that the particular structure here was fully roofed, and that the entrance had large arched portals on a pair of piers. Access is now by a set of descending stairs from the Navata Esterna which end in a D-shaped mausoleum with eight arcosolia or niches in the curved wall. This slab was originally an ancient memorial slab or pagan ex-voto, of which other examples exist -you can see one at San Silvestro in Capite. The first arch on the left has an apsidal chapel above the tomb of St Sebastian, which was originally planned by Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli-Borghese in the 17th century rebuilding. In contrast, the next edifice was originally a larger rectangle with apse, and was entered via a double entrance through the basilica wall. The last chamber visited before the exit, which is into the nave of the basilica just by the Chapel of St Sebastian, is the Crypt of St Sebastian which is a large rectangular underground room. The near right aisle wall, the far left aisle wall and the ambulatory were decorated with little pilasters forming niches, fourteen on the first, six on the second and fourteen on the third. This is neglected, and is easy to miss. In the middle of the nave were four small square pillars marking the site of a shrine or mausoleum. Burghesius). The most interesting parts of the tour are those areas excavated under the floor of the church from the late 19th century. The chapels and other items of interest around the side walls are described anticlockwise, beginning at the entrance. The near one shows the arms of Cardinal Scipione Borghese, (again) and the middle one has a superb carved depiction of the martyrdom of St Sebastian by Annibale Durante. Recently the round-headed recesses have been provided with a pair of pictures, depicting Pope St John Paul II to the left, and Bl Teresa of Calcutta to the right. It was designed by Carlo Fontana in 1706, and he worked on it until 1712 with the initial assistance of Carlo Maratta. These were excavated in the 1920's. The design echo from the façade is obvious. Kept in the sanctuary is a painting of The Preparation of St Sebastian for Martyrdom by Pietro Sigismondi 1618. Despite the traditional name, it is thought to have been built as a meeting-place for funerary assemblies. It is apsidal in form, with the tall aedicule against the back of the curve and a diapered bronze grating shutting it off. Left to right, they are called "The Tomb of the Axe", "The Tomb of the Innocentiores" and "The Tomb of Marcus Clodius Hermes". The left hand one is the Chapel of St Sebastian, that on the right is the Chapel of the Relics. When the tour is assembled, the guide will take you down a set of stairs to the left at the far end of this room. Above is a little white marble tabernacle by Mino da Fiesole, 15th century. The aedicule is by Flaminio Ponzio, and has two pairs of verde antico Composite columns on high two-storey plinths with the upper parts panelled in alabaster. Not even Old St Peter's seems to have had an altar before the end of the 6th century. The drum has four windows, separated by four tablets identifying the martyrs and with each topped by a crown and crossed palms. There is a free-standing altar with two niches formerly pointed out as the place where the relics of SS Peter and Paul were kept. There is a large oculus. The road is very busy, and the experience will be nasty at best and perhaps risky.