If you’re weighing up which Versailles ticket to buy, then you can read our full breakdown of Versailles tickets to purchase here. Hameau became very popular among 18th century French aristocrats, the most famous being the hameau on the estate of the Château de Chantilly. The dovecote and pigeon coops were near the lake. This circular tower on the shores of the lake is mainly decorative. Image credit: Rolf E. Staerk/Shutterstock.com, Landscape view of the Marlborough Tower overlooking the lake in Hameau de la Reine. Ancienne laiterie de préparation 5. The hamlet seemed completely rustic and natural from the outside, while the Rococo interior provided the desired comfort and luxury of the Queen and her friends.[8]. Perfumed Soap 100g coconut butter and white clay based. It was supposed to be for her exclusive use and enjoyment. A fan of all things France related, she runs solosophie.com when she's not chasing after the next sunset shot or consuming her weight in sweet food. Marie was impressed by Hameau de Chantilly and wanted one for herself, where she could escape from the drudgery of royalty. Designed by the Queen's favoured architect, Richard Mique with the help of the painter Hubert Robert, it contained a meadowland with lakes and streams, a classical Temple of Love on an island with fragrant shrubs and flowers, an octagonal Belvédère, with a neighbouring grotto Le hameau de la reine Histoire du lieu. The brick, "sparrow-stepped" gables and the stained glass windows are distinctly Flemish. She was guillotined on 16 October 1793. The upper level comprises the petit salon, also known as the "room of the nobles", an anteroom in the form of a "Chinese cabinet" and the large living room with wood panelling hung with tapestries of Swiss style in embroidered wool. Bonjour, ciao, and welcome to my little corner of the internet! Beautiful scenic view of the Hameau de la Reine, The Queen's Hamlet is a rustic retreat in Versailles, Paris, France Hameau de la Reine, The Queen's Hamlet in. Upstairs, a small apartment which seems to have been inhabited by the architect Richard Mique, has five rooms including a library. Get it now . This was while a second part of the hamlet functioned as a fully working farm where the Royal children could learn about life outside of Versailles. On the ground floor, paved with single slabs of stone, the building includes a backgammon room and a dining room. This is Hameau de la Reine (the Queen’s Hamlet), and the place where Marie Antoinette escaped to ‘play dress up’ when she got bored of palace life…. Here, she lived in relative privacy in comparison with the crowds of Versailles (yes, there were always plenty of people in the Palace, even during the time of Louis XVI). Abandoned after the French Revolution, it was renovated in the late 1990s and is open to the public. Other châteaux in the region had their own rustic follies and it had become fashionable to take your guest out to explore the ‘backyard farm’. A spiral staircase offers access to the second floor on one end of the house. Versailles. These buildings included the Queen's private chambers, as well as her salons and her parlors. No mechanism or wheel were installed in the factory. Intemporel, loin du tumulte du château, ce lieu exalte l'imagination. Présentation. The roofs covered with dormer windows and the plaster-covered façades, though, were native to France. Inspired by a wave of naturalism in art, architecture, and garden design, the Hameau de la Reine was constructed between 1782 and 1783. The Petit Hameau (The Little Hamlet), or "Le Hameau de la Reine,” was situated in the English-style gardens of the Petit Trianon. Much of Hameau de la Reine still exist today. Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution. It was badly damaged during the French Revolution and destroyed during the First Empire. Please check out my, Ultimate Guide to Travel & Blogging Resources, ticket to both the Palace, Gardens and Trianon Estate, FIREFLIES ON THE WATER: STEPPING INTO YAYOI KUSAMA’S SHIMMERING CREATION, VINTAGE SHOPPING IN PARIS: L’OBJET QUI PARLE, FATED LOVE IN PERE LACHAISE CEMETERY: THE STORY OF HELOISE AND ABELARD. Tour de Marlborough 4. Then again, who writes “Adieu, my tender friend, I love you and will love you madly all my life” to ‘just a friend,’ as Count Fersen did to Marie Antoinette on the 29 October 1791? The Mill, one of the structures in Hameau de la Reine, was purely a decorative element. His buildings lend themselves to the surrounding landscape in their arrangement around a small lake, giving the illusion of a perfect and functioning village. PBS, 2006. Get a round-up of all our stories published during the past week delivered to your email every Saturday. While Sophia tragically died in infancy (only one of Marie Antoinette’s four children survived to adulthood), the rumours persisted and were never fully dispelled. But the interiors were extremely elegant, and used for concerts, games, and dinners. The boudoir was altered slightly during the Second Empire, but its small construction has remained to this day. Marie Antoinette had her own house, connected to the pool. A team of real farmers appointed by the Queen looked after the farm and the animals, and produced fruits and vegetables consumed at the royal table. For this reason the place was often called "the Swiss hamlet". There are also various buildings in a rustic or vernacular style, inspired by Norman or Flemish design, situated around an irregular pond fed by a stream that turned a mill wheel. The barn, which also served as a ballroom, was badly damaged during the French Revolution and destroyed during the First Empire. Maison du billard 9. The second round of restoration (thanks to donations from John Rockefeller) took place in the 19030s, but the Hameau de la Reine wasn’t fully restored until the 1990s. During the Revolution, "a misogynistic, nationalistic and class-driven polemic swirled around the hameau, which had previously seemed a harmless agglomeration of playhouses in which to act out a Boucher pastorale. [11], Marie Antoinette also managed the estate by overseeing various works, correcting or approving plans, and talking with the head farmer and laborers. Moulin If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. [1] The building scheme included a farmhouse, (the farm was to produce milk and eggs for the queen), a dairy, a dovecote, a boudoir, a barn that burned down during the French Revolution, a mill and a tower in the form of a lighthouse. Each façade of the building is decorated slightly differently. "Le Hameau" ["The Hamlet"]. The Hameau de la Reine, also called the Queen’s Hamlet, was completed in 1788 and contained a meadowland with lakes and streams, a classical Temple of Love on an island with fragrant shrubs and flowers, an octagonal Belvédère, with a neighboring grotto and cascade. The Hameau de la Reine, also called the Queen’s Hamlet, was completed in 1788 and contained a meadowland with lakes and streams, a classical Temple of Love on an island with fragrant shrubs and flowers, an octagonal Belvédère, with a neighboring grotto and cascade. It was originally called "The Fishery Tower." These included a dovecot, a boudoir, a mill, two dairies, a farm, a grange, a guardhouse, a tower (used purely for decoration and named after the popular song of the time ‘Malborough’), a boudoir, a billiard room, and even a rechauffoir (a room dedicated solely to preparing the queen’s meals in the hamlet). The Queen's house and billiard room is situated in the middle of the Hamlet, and it is the largest and most important building. Learn how your comment data is processed. The garden surroundings of the Petit Trianon, of which the hameau de la Reine is an extension, began their transformation from formal pattern gardens. Hameau de la Reine 1. The rest of the estate was renovated in the late 1990s and opened to the public. The wheel is driven by a stream derived from the Grand Lake and is only a decorative element. This post may contain affiliate links. The hameau is the best-known of a series of rustic garden constructions built at the time, notably the Prince of Condé's Hameau de Chantilly (1774–1775) which was the inspiration for the Versailles hamlet. It served as a private meeting place for the Queen and her closest friends; a place of leisure. Marlborough Tower. In the midst of this growing civil unrest, which would eventually snowball into one of the biggest social revolution in modern history, Marie Antoinette started another extravagant project. Image credit: H-AB Photography / Shutterstock.com. Réchauffoir 11. It was used to prepare the dishes for dinners given by the Queen in the house or mill. The interior decoration was simple and neat. Marie Antoinette would retire here by herself, or else with one or two of her friends. A third part of the farm housed a real working dairy (destroyed during the reign of Napoleon), a fully functioning barn and other useful buildings. There was a farmhouse, a dairy, a dovecote, a barn, and a mill. Courtiers at the Palace of Versailles constantly surrounded Marie Antoinette, leaving her in need of a refuge. Ancienne grange 6. The mill and the dairy received frequent visits from the Queen. Finally, in 2006, the restoration works were complete and the hamlet opened up to the public. Encircling the Petit Trianon was the Jardin Anglais (the English Garden), a wilder style of garden that arose in response to traditional French manicured gardens. Animals from Switzerland, according to the instructions of the Queen, were raised on the farm. For the past five years, I've been writing about the weird and wonderful on this travel and culture blog, with a particular focus on history, hidden gems, and offbeat adventures in Europe and beyond. © Amusing Planet, 2020. The Queen would often wear a straw Bergère hat and a fichu alongside a Polonaise gown; the term Polonaise referring to the dress of Polish shepherdesses who would hoist and drape their overskirts in two or three loops in order to keep their dress clean while farming. Dotted around a picturesque lake, little-thatched cottages and small vegetable patches sit side by side. Ce billet donne accès à l'ensemble du Domaine et garantit l'accès au Château dans la demi-heure... VISITE GUidée. Each were designed with sanitation in mind: the rooms are light colored marble, which gives the impression of cleanliness. Despite the rustic appearance of facades, the interior finish and furnishings are luxurious and have been created by the carpenter Georges Jacob and the ébéniste Jean-Henri Riesener. This structure is one of the most picturesque of the Hamlet. This building is situated on the edge of the field near the woods. Aménagement bucolique des jardins du Trianon, le Hameau de la Reine est une partie intégrante du Domaine de Marie-Antoinette. The warming room is recessed at the rear of the Queen's house. [9] The French architect Richard Mique designed and built the Hamlet with the garden in mind, and it is almost an extension of the Jardin Anglais. The basement is used for storage, but the top part of the tower has a fairytale-esque design. The small cottages and farm buildings are not meant to mimic any sort of architectural style but are instead meant to evoke a rustic charm and be altogether aesthetically pleasing. Its construction is innovative: two rustic buildings are connected by a covered gallery that is curved in a half-moon shape. The twelve cottages constructed in the hamlet can be divided into two groups: five were reserved for use by the Queen; the other seven had a functional purpose and were used effectively for agriculture. One tale even tells of the goats being washed and dressed in ribbons before Marie Antoinette arrived to ‘milk them’. En 1783, Marie-Antoinette ordonna à son architecte Richard Mique, la construction de ce magnifique ensemble de fabriques. Most notable was her supposed dalliance with Swedish Count,  Axel von Fersen, with some historians even claiming that her child Sophia was actually the count’s illegitimate son. Boudoir 12. 2013. reinterpreted Scent of History With its unique fragrance with scents that are simultaneously green, fresh and floral, Hameau de la Reine will take you to the heart of the Queen’s Hameau to live again these great moments of emotion. Image credit: Pierre Metivier/Flickr, Farm Scene in Hameau de la Reine. The image of Marie Antoinette dressing up as a shepherdess or peasant at the hamlet is a deeply-entrenched and inaccurate myth. Image credit: Alex Drop/Flickr. It’s also here, in the secluded privacy of her own mansion, Le Petit Trianon, that Marie Antoinette allegedly conducted affairs with various counts and nobles. Le Hameau de la Reine est un lieu de promenade idyllique situé dans les jardins de Trianon. Print. She escaped the responsibilities and structure of court life to her private estate. Image credit: Alex Drop/Flickr. All Rights Reserved. It’s more than likely than not that Marie Antoinette drew inspiration for her Hameau de la Reine from the Hameau at Château de Chantilly. Away from the Palace. The resulting works are what you see today if you take the time to wander around the hamlet (and I highly recommend you do!). She preferred to wear simple clothing uncharacteristic to the frivolous fashion of the French Court while at the hameau, and often dressed in a sun hat and informal muslin dress, a Polonaise gown, or a Chemise à la Reine. "The Petit Hameau." The first bout of restoration took place during the reign of Napoleon from 1810 to 1812. Hameau de la Reine. Colombier 8. Le style du hameau de la Reine n’est pas clairement identifiable, fait d'un mélange d’architectures rurales variées, mais dégage une indéniable unité. And away from the town of Versailles, you’ll find a little village with all the charm of a rustic farm. Paris: Vendome, 1978. The Preparation Dairy was destroyed during the First Empire. Chateau de Versailles. The Hameau de la Reine is a rustic retreat in the park of the Château de Versailles built for Marie Antoinette in 1783 near the Petit Trianon in Yvelines, France. Media related to Hameau de la Reine at Wikimedia Commons, Coordinates: 48°49′07″N 2°06′46″E / 48.818747°N 2.112916°E / 48.818747; 2.112916. This led many to gossip about Marie using the retreat for secret rendezvous with counts and nobles. She wore flour wigs when her people went without bread, and dressed in indienne, a textile of Indian origin that was so popular that the Royal French Ordinance had it outlawed in the 17th century to protect local French woolen and silk cloth industries. Valy Bussard, the farmer, came to the Hameau to run a functional farm. Lablaude, Pierre-André. The Hamlet is built in a hybrid architectural style. French aristocrats loved to act like shepherds and shepherdesses, while still enjoying the comforts of their social position. The rooms at the hameau allowed for more intimacy than the grand salons at Versailles or at the Petit Trianon. solosophie participates in various affiliate marketing programs. The barn also served as a ballroom. Eventually, the French people began to blame her for France’s degrading economic situation, suggesting that the country was unable to pay off its debt because of her wastefulness. Last Updated on 19th August 2020 by Sophie Nadeau, Away from the crowds of Versailles. It was created after a popular lullaby from the era. The largest and most famous of these houses was the Queen's House, connected to the Billiard house by a wooden gallery. The lyre-backed chairs in mahogany lined with green Morocco, were created by Georges Jacob. In 1783, Marie Antoinette commissioned a hameau—an ornamental village—intended to be used as a garden folly in the park of the Château de Versailles. One primary purpose of the hameau was to add to the ambiance of the Petit Trianon, giving the illusion that it was deep in the countryside rather than within the confines of Versailles. Because of the prominence of the occupants of the Hamlet, the guard was necessary for Marie Antoinette's security. Maison de la Reine 10. {{posts[0].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, {{posts[1].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, {{posts[2].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, {{posts[3].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, The Galloping Horse Problem And The World’s First Motion Picture, The Adorable Custom of ‘Telling The Bees’, Anatoli Bugorski: The Man Who Stuck His Head Inside a Particle Accelerator, New York Moving Day: Mayhem on The Streets. The extravagance and subtle mockery of peasant life did not help Marie Antoinette's already suffering image. While Marie Antoinette probably never said ‘Let them eat cake‘ when told that her French citizens were starving, there is no denying the decadence of her lifestyle, as well as the sheer cost of it all. It served as a private meeting place for the Queen and her closest friends; a place of leisure. solosophie is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Hameau de la Reine, The Queen's Hamlet in. In spite of its idyllic appearance, the hamlet was a real farm, fully managed by a farmer appointed by the Queen, with its vineyards, fields, orchards and vegetable gardens producing fruit and vegetables consumed at the royal table. [7] A wave of naturalism and an affinity towards the "simple" life was sweeping across France in the 18th century. 3 Mar. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. A working farm was close to the idyllic, fantasy-like setting of the Queen's Hamlet. It was well stocked with animals and vegetable gardens, whose crops led to agricultural and culinary experimentation at Versailles. The simplicity and high waistline of the garment would lay the foundations for Regency/Empire fashion in the later decades during and after the Revolution. This mill also served as a laundry.[14]. Marie Antoinette commissioned the hamlet in 1783, and it took three years to complete- such was the scale of the project. Before the Queen was expected, the story goes, the “villagers” would wash the goats and dress them in ribbons. Sophie Nadeau loves dogs, books, Paris, pizza, and history, though not necessarily in that order. Designed by the Queen's favoured architect, Richard Mique with the help of the painter Hubert Robert, it contained a meadowland with lakes and streams, a classical Temple of Love on an island with fragrant shrubs and flowers, an octagonal Belvédère, with a neighbouring grotto and cascade. Marie Antoinette, the last Queen of France, is often portrayed as a frivolous, selfish, and immoral woman whose decadent lifestyle emptied the coffers of the national treasury. [3] Richard Mique modified the landscape design to provide vistas of lawn to west and north of the Petit Trianon, encircled by belts of trees. N.p., n.d. Van Der Kemp, Gérald. Marie Antoinette's wardrobe was generally imitative of the peasantry of the period. In total, there were a dozen buildings or so. Il se compose de dix fabriques, ces petites maisons à l’aspect rustique, disposées autour du lac. Decorated in a rustic style, the farm included three bedrooms, a kitchen, and a dining room. The Hameau de la Reine (French pronunciation: ​[amo də la ʁɛn], The Queen's Hamlet) is a rustic retreat in the park of the Château de Versailles built for Marie Antoinette in 1783 near the Petit Trianon in Yvelines, France. Marie Antoinette would sometimes milk the cows and the sheep herself to get a taste of village life. The barn, occasionally used as a ballroom, was destroyed during the French Revolution, while the rest of the houses survived the tumultuous period of French history. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Should you wish to visit the Hameau de la Reine for yourself, you should know that it’s a part of the Versailles Estate and therefore a paid attraction. At the center of the room is a harpsichord which Marie Antoinette loved to play. When Marie Antoinette was sick of court and tired of the pomp and circumstance of the Grand Palace, she would escape a kilometre or two down the driveway to a place rather ironically named ‘Petit Trianon’ (every aspect of her ‘small palace’ is, in fact, larger than life and lavishly styled). Access is via the staircase of the round tower. Beyond the lake to the north, the hameau was sited like a garden stage set, initially inspired in its grouping and vernacular building by Dutch and Flemish genre paintings, philosophically influenced by Rousseau's cult of "nature", and reflecting exactly contemporary picturesque garden principles set forth by Claude-Henri Watelet[4] and by ideas of the philosophes, their "radical notions co-opted into innocent forms of pleasure and ingenious decoration" as William Adams has pointed out. The little village was modeled on a farm in Normandy, and had seven buildings with thatched roofs and rustic exteriors. The hameau consisted of a variety of cottages and buildings built in different styles and each with a specific function. Currently based in Paris after studies in London, she's spent most of her life living in the beautiful Devonian countryside in South West England! But the affair is not the only secret hiding amidst the grounds of Le Petit Trianon. Each building was decorated with a garden, an orchard or a flower garden. When the French Revolution came, Marie Antoinette was arrested and charged with depleting the wealth of the nation leading to starvation of the people, as well as conspiracy against the state and was condemned to death. No mechanism or wheel were installed in the factory. Marie Antoinette was proud of her hameau, as one nineteenth century historian notes: She would invite the king and the rest of the royal family to garden parties, where, at a table set out under a bower of honeysuckle, she would pour out their coffee with her own hands, boasting of the thickness of her cream, the freshness of her eggs, and the ruddiness and flavor of her strawberries, as so many proofs of her skill in managing her establishment. Each building is decorated with a garden, an orchard or a flower garden. Full screen is unavailable. The Gardens of Versailles. Its original occupant was the Swiss guard, Jean Bersy, who lived there with his family. [2] Such model farms, operating under principles espoused by the Physiocrats, were fashionable among the French aristocracy at the time. © 2015- 2020 Sophie Nadeau. After all, wander past the marble columns of the follies and away from the perfectly directed streams of the sprawling gardens and you’ll find a perfectly charming hamlet. Laiterie de propreté 3. In the eyes of the revolutionaries, the Queen was the symbol of everything that was wrong with the French monarchy. The Boudoir, (4.6 x 5.2 metres) is the smallest structure, and it was nicknamed "the little house of the Queen." Although for Marie Antoinette, the hameau was an escape from the regulated life of the Court at Versailles, in the eyes of French people, the queen seemed to be merely amusing herself. If you just want to visit the hamlet, then you’ll need to purchase a ticket to the Trianon Estate. Marie Antoinette and her friends would dress up as young shepherdess or milkmaids and wander around the hamlet pretending to be peasants, while still surrounded by the comforts of a royal lifestyle. Ferme 2. Each building had a specific function, and each played its part in the daily life of the Hamlet. Web. Under Louis XV it had been an arboretum and the new arrangements eliminated this famous botanical garden, replacing it with a more informal "natural" garden of winding paths, curving canals and lakes under the direction of Antoine Richard, gardener to the Queen. [5] Artists played a more direct role in French picturesque than they probably had done in England,[6] as can be seen by Hubert Robert's involvement. In addition to the head farmer Valy Bussard, Marie Antoinette hired a team of gardeners, a rat-catcher, a mole-catcher, two herds-men, and various servants to work on the estate.[12]. The hameau consisted of a variety of cottages and buildings built in different styles and each with a specific … Typically Norman, the cottages have half-timbered façades and reed coverings. The largest and most famous of these houses is the "Queen's House", connected to the Billiard house by a wooden gallery, at the center of the village. Originally one of two dairies, one was where the products were made, while the other dairy was purely for Marie Antoinette to sit in and sample the products. Paris: Scala, 2005. There were originally two dairies: one in which the dairy products were made, and one in which the Queen would taste them. A combination of Norman, Flemish, and French styles came together to create the village full of sylvan charm. One of the two diaries were destroyed during the First Empire. There is also a Saturday Night Fountains Show for which you can purchase an additional ticket (see the full details here). This idealism of the natural life came from the extremely influential works of Jean Jacques Rousseau, who emphasized Nature. The chemise, worn without panniers and with a high waistline, was first worn by women in warmer climates in the colonies and was popularised amongst the aristocracy through Marie Antoinette. Marie Antoinette's Hamlet consisted of a variety of different cottages and buildings, all built around a small lake. Roosters and hens of various species were brought from the west of France and settled in the aviary in 1785 for Marie Antoinette's use. Maison du garde 7. To the left, another building housing the billiard room is connected to the Queen's house by a wooden gallery decorated with trellises and twelve hundred St. Clement faience pots, marked in the blue figures of the Queen. There is no contemporary evidence for Marie Antoinette or her entourage pretending to be peasants, shepherdess or farmers. The place was completely enclosed by fences and walls, and only intimates of the Queen were allowed to access it. The Mill, built and fitted from 1783 to 1788, was never used for grinding grain. While French men and women across the country quite literally didn’t have enough to eat, she would ‘escape’ from the court, and from her mansion house, and head to the Hameau de la Reine to ‘play peasant with her ladies’- or so the story goes. She was gifted the mansion aged just 19 (she married Louis XVI age 15 and was executed age 37) by her then 20-year-old husband. She was recklessly wasteful, indulging in excesses even at a time when the country was going through a period of acute financial crisis and the population was suffering. Other châteaux in the region had their own rustic follies and it had become fashionable to take your guest out to explore the ‘backyard farm’. Videos... Achetez votre billet. On Musical Fountain Shows or Musical Gardens days, you may well have to purchase an extra ticket to visit the Gardens. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, rustic garden constructions built at the time, French landscape garden#The rustic village (hameau) as garden feature, Ancient Places TV: HD video of The Queen's Hamlet at the Petit Trianon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hameau_de_la_Reine&oldid=988571696, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 23:59.

hameau de la reine

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