Progettato da Elegant Themes | Sviluppato da WordPress. Please enter your account details to sign in. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Britannica does not review the converted text. Login; Hi, User . Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Structuralism. Ruth Nanda Anshen papers, 1938-1986. He went to live in Rome (with his uncle) and studied law. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies, Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries, Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library, Southern Illinois University, Morris Library. Croce was responsible for the contemporary distinction in aesthetics between the expressive and the representative functions of art. Author of. He was delivered from his malaise, and the second period of his life was opened in 1903 with his founding of La Critica, a journal of cultural criticism in which, during the course of the next 41 years, he published nearly all of his writings and reviewed all of the most important historical, philosophical, and literary work that was being produced in Europe at the time. In 1943, following the fall of the fascist government, he became the leader of the Liberal Party and served a brief term as a minister without portfolio. In 1910, he was appointed a member for life of the Senate, and he served as Minister of Public Information (education) from 1920 to 1921. Croce belonged to a family of landed proprietors with estates in the Abruzzi region of central Italy but chiefly resident in Naples. In fascism Croce saw not merely another form of political tyranny. After Mussolini’s defeat in the mid-1940s Croce refounded the suppressed Liberal party and worked to restore Italy to the ideals in which he believed. Asked about his state of health, he replied with true stoic equanimity, “I am dying at my work.” He died at age 86. At about the time he founded La Critica, Croce began the systematic exposition of his “philosophy of the spirit,” his chief intellectual achievement. Their didactic character was unmistakable. Croce, Benedetto, 1866-1952. Via Benedetto Croce 7, Z.I. So gradual was this preparation that Croce himself did not at once perceive it. De Sanctis, Francesco, 1817-1883. HOME | CHURCH LIFE. The latter, by contrast, is intuitive, concerned with presenting its subject matter (an “intuition”) in its immediate concrete reality, so that it may be seen as it is in itself. Edition 1st Edition . Its moments are not dissolved but are concretized into the flow of historical action and thought. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Croce, Benedetto, 1866-1952. Italian philosopher, critic, statesman and historian. Benedetto Croce (1866–1952), who is perhaps best known as the author in 1902 of Aesthetics, wrote History as the Story of Liberty in 1938, when the Western world had succumbed to the notion that history is a creature of blind force. Perspectives of Post-Structuralism. To that period some have attached the term historical positivism, but Croce himself called it absolute historicism and identified it as the definitive form of his thought. His most significant works were the four-volume Filosofia dello spirito (1902–17; Philosophy of the Spirit) and La storia come Manuscripts and Archives Division: referencedIn: Livingston, Arthur, 1883-1944. … WorldCat record id: 79449888, Permalink: Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? [Philosophy : Mazzoni pamphlet collection]. Croce was born on Feb. 25, 1866, in Pescasseroli, Italy, but he spent most of his life in Naples. Logout. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? In 1903 he founded La Critica, a journal of social and cultural criticism. Chambers, Will Grant, 1867-1949. Croce’s was unanimously recognized as that voice. Henri Martin Barzun papers 1909-1967. Critical Theory. Benedetto Croce : by liveforever: Mon Dec 24 2001 at 0:20:36: Italian philosopher. His life, of which he left a too-modest record in his autobiography, falls roughly into four phases; each develops the dual theme of his intellectual and moral growth and his gradual, ever-deepening identification with the moral character and destiny of the Italian nation. Croce became the leading intellectual anti-fascist, in part via his single-handed publication of the periodical La Critica (1903-1944). National Archives and Records Administration, Croce, Benedetto (Italian historian, critic, and philosopher, 1866-1952). His background was religious, monarchical, and conservative. Chapter price: €25.00 $30.00. As a fairly wealthy landowner, Croce lived a life of economic independence. (Unknown). That term designates two distinct, but related, aspects of his thought: (1) In the first aspect, philosophy of spirit designates the construction of a philosophical system on the remote pattern of the rationalism (i.e., idealism) of classical Romantic philosophy. Your Account. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Benedetto Croce, (born February 25, 1866, Pescasseroli, Italy—died November 20, 1952, Naples), historian, humanist, and foremost Italian philosopher of the first half of the 20th century. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. This system is documented in the volumes Estetica come scienza dell’espressione e linguistica generale (1902; Aesthetic As Science of Expression and General Linguistic), Logica come scienza del concetto puro (1909; Logic As the Science of the Pure Concept), Filosofia della pratica: economia ed etica (1909; Philosophy of the Practical: Economic and Ethic), and Teoria e storia della storiografia (1917; History: Its Theory and Practice). Herbert Lionel Matthews Papers, 1909-2002, [Bulk Dates: 1937-1976]. The most important and influential aspect of Croce’s philosophy was his aesthetic theory, in particular his view that art is essentially expressive—an expression of an emotion, attitude, or experience of the artist. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies, Bibliographic and Digital Archival Resources, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti student notebooks and other papers, 1891-1943, Berenson, Bernard and Mary. The test was to be fascism, the political attitude that places the nation or race at the centre of life and history and disregards individuals and their rights. Transcript and translation of interview with Benedetto Croce, 1943. 6-June 15. He saw it as the emergence of that other Italy, in which egoism displaced civic virtue, rhetoric dislodged poetry and truth, and the pretentious gesture replaced authentic action. Log in or register to write something here or to contact authors. A reviewer at the time noted the importance of Croce’s belief that “the central trend in the evolution of… His writings of this period are universally alert, intelligent, and engaging. He found university life uninspiring, so he dropped out and went on to become an entirely self-taught scholar. "Condotti Bardini" 31058 Susegana (TV) Italy . Henceforth, he was a solitary figure, despite his considerable activity in the world. Lavora con noi. News . Benedetto Croce (1866–1952), who is perhaps best known as the author in 1902 of Aesthetics, wrote History as the Story of Liberty in 1938, when the Western world had succumbed to the notion that history is a creature of blind force. NOW 50% OFF! In them Croce pointed out how the historical path of Italy had become la via smarrita (“the lost way”). SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. Two postcards to Elizabeth Anne Croce Sagun : Naples : APS and PS, 1949 Mar. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. Max Weber and His Contempories book. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. More important is the fact that the new Italy, in its democratic form, was inspired by his spirit. Both Croce's parents and his sisters died, and Croce himself was buried alive for several hours and badly injured. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Inspired by Vico and Hegel, Croce developed an idealist philosophy of history. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Croce spent almost his whole life in Naples, becoming intimately identified with, and a keen observer of, its life, as well as a biographer of its heroes. Login. By Wolfgang J. Mommsen, Jurgen Osterhammel. The image of the Italian which animated that work was severe and beautiful. 1883]. Chi siamo. [Education : Mazzoni pamphlet collection]. In it, the aesthetic object, the objet d'art, is considered as an ideal which can only be grasped intuitively. Sign in to your account. pensiero e come azione (1938; History as the Story of Liberty). Herbert Lionel Matthews papers, 1909-2002 [Bulk Dates: 1937-1976]. He “coquetted”—according to his autobiography—with socialism and Marxism, eventually discarding those views after thorough examination and severe criticism of both positions. In most regards, Croce was a liberal, although he opposed laissez-faire free trade and had considerable influence on other Italian intellectuals, including both Marxist Antonio Gramsci and fascist Giovanni Gentile. The philosophy of spirit in its asystematic form produced the effective method of Croce’s later work, as in the anthology Filosofia, poesia, storia (1951; Philosophy, Poetry, History). Login × Benedetto Croce ... Benedetto Croce was also a noted patriot of Italy. Caserta, Ernesto G. Ernesto G. Caserta papers, 1965-2007. An eloquent historian, philosopher, and humanist DOI link for Max Weber and His Contempories. Sabatier, Paul, 1858-1928. Italian statesman, philosopher, historian, editor, critic, and author. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Croce, Benedetto, 1866-1952. Even so, he is one of the most influential Italian philosophers of his time. Croce conceived his expressionism as providing the philosophical justification for the artistic revolutions of the 19th century and, in particular, for the Impressionist style of painting, in which representation gives way to the attempt to convey experience directly onto the canvas. He continued writing and publishing until his death in Naples on Nov. 20, 1952. For the next 41 years he not only published his own works in it but also reviewed significant literary, philosophical, and historical works from all over Europe. Max Weber and His Contempories. Arthur Livingston Papers, 1474-1986, (bulk 1904-1944). [History : Mazzoni pamphlet collection]. The circular dynamic moves between both the lesser and the greater moments. “La Critica was the most direct service I could render to Italian culture.…I was engaged in politics in the broad sense…uniting the role of a student and of a citizen.” Through La Critica, Croce’s public role as teacher of modern Italy emerged.

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