Between 1465 and 1467 he executed the funerary monument Cosimo de' Medici for the crypt under the altar of the same church, and in 1472 he completed the monument to Piero and Giovanni de' Medici in the Old Sacristy. [16], In the early 1470s he made a voyage to Rome, while in 1474 he executed the Forteguerri monument for the Cathedral of Pistoia, which he left unfinished. Verrocchio’s first apprenticeship was to a goldsmith and later he was possibly apprentice of Donatello, it is also possible he was the apprentice of Fra Filippo Lippi who taught Verrocchio how to paint. NOW 50% OFF! It is now in London at the National Gallery.[12]. Updates? Diesen Familiensinn übertrug er auch auf seine Schüler und Mitarbeiter, zu denen Leonardo da Vinci († 1519) (Abb. no.NG2508) of the Virgin and Child with two angels in tempera on panel, which had not previously been attributed to Verrocchio, was cleaned and restored about 2010 and is now attributed to him with a date of about 1467–1469. Ordered in 1476, the cenotaph was still unfinished when Verrocchio died, and its completion was entrusted first to Lorenzo di Credi, then to Lorenzetti, and finally to a minor Italian Baroque sculptor. His equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, erected in Venice in 1496, is particularly important. Passavent pp. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A second bronze figure, the Putto with Dolphin, is important in the development of freestanding Renaissance sculpture for its spiral design, which represents a successful effort to evolve a pose in which all views are of equal significance. It appears that Verrocchio produced few works for patrons outside of Florence. Der Gedanke dahinter ist, dass es nur der richtigen Methode bedarf, um Innovationen am Fließband zu produzieren. Hier lebte und arbeitete er weitere zehn oder elf Jahre und wird bis 1477 immer noch als Schüler oder Lehrling Verrocchios bezeichnet. [10], A painting in the National Gallery in London (cat. Perhaps the most important work Verrocchio executed in Florence was a bronze group of Christ and St. Thomas commissioned for a niche in the east exterior wall of the Or San Michele in Florence. In Verrocchio's sculpture of David below it's believed that a young Leo was the model. Covi pp. 201–3. Omissions? New York: Italica Press, pp. Though its effect has been altered by changes and additions foreign to Verrocchio’s original design, the Forteguerri cenotaph contains some of the artist’s most important relief sculpture. Von ihm konnten seine Schüler viel lernen, denn er war nicht nur ein ausgezeichneter Maler, Holzschnitzer, Meister der Perspektive und Bronzegießer, sondern auch der führende Bildhauer in Florenz. [27] He points out that both man and horse are equally fine and together are inseparable parts of the sculpture. We will send you hand-picked innovation know-how in the monthly verrocchio Notes. Are you willing to make yourself familiar with new innovation methods? His pupils included Leonardo da Vinci, Pietro Perugino and Lorenzo di Credi. Doch in diesem Jahr scheint er in die besondere Gunst Lorenzo de Medicis gekommen zu sein und als unabhängiger Künstler unter dessen Patronage von 1482 bis 1483 gearbeitet zu haben. Mit inspirierenden Grüßen Christian Buchholz. [25] Although it was not placed where Colleoni had intended, Passavent emphasised how fine it looks in its actual position, writing that "the magnificent sense of movement in this figure is shown to superb advantage in its present setting"[26] and that, as sculpture, "it far surpasses anything the century had yet aspired to or thought possible". It has been suggested that he was later apprenticed to Donatello, but there is no evidence of this and John Pope-Hennessy considered that it is contradicted by the style of his early works. 48–51 & 188. Um 1472 findet sich sein Name in den Listen der St.-Lukas-Gilde, der Malergilde von Florenz. Dating from about 1477/78 is a terra-cotta relief of the Madonna coming from the Florentine hospital of Santa Maria Nuova. [28] This is in contrast to Donatello's statue at Padua of the condottiere known as Gattamelata with its "air of calm command" and all Verrocchio's effort "has been devoted to the rendering of movement and of a sense of strain and energy". It is an early work which has formerly been attributed to Pollaiuolo and other artists. Transcript. Few paintings are attributed to him with certainty, but a number of important painters were trained at his workshop. Yale University Press, New Haven, 1998, ISBN 0-300-07246-5; Franziska Windt: Andrea del Verrocchio und Leonardo da Vinci: Zusammenarbeit in Skulptur und Malerei. Er wurde im Jahre 1435 als viertes Kind des Ziegelbrenners Michele di Francesco Cioni und dessen Frau Gemma in Florenz geboren. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Verrocchio--meaning "true eye." Made curator of the collection of antiquities in the Medici palace, he restored many pieces of ancient Roman sculpture, especially portrait busts. At the end of his life, Verrocchio opened a new workshop in Venice, where he was working on the statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, leaving the Florentine workshop in charge of Lorenzo di Credi. Bartolomeo Colleoni, bronze equestrian statue by Andrea del Verrocchio, c. 1479–92; in Campo di Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice. Free of charge and geared to practice. Verrocchio war zwar kaum einer der großen kreativen oder erfinderischen Kräfte in der Kunst seines Zeitalters in Florenz, er war aber ein erstklassiger Handwerker, sowohl als Goldschmied, als Bildhauer und auch als Maler. Leonardo da Vinci Verrocchio c. 1435–1488 born Andrea di Michele di Francesco de' Cioni, was an Italian sculptor, goldsmith and painter who worked at the court of Lorenzo de' Medici. Laut Vasari wurde der auf der linken Seite knieende Engel von Leonardo eingefügt. Verrocchio war nicht nur ein bedeutender Künstler dieser Zeit, er galt vor allem als großer Lehrmeister und erkannte früh die Talente des jungen Leonardo da Vinci. Verrocchio war nicht nur ein bedeutender Künstler dieser Zeit, er galt vor allem als großer Lehrmeister und erkannte früh die Talente des jungen Leonardo da Vinci. His greatest importance was as a sculptor and his last wo… NARRATOR: When Leonardo arrived in Florence, the most esteemed painter was Andrea del Verrocchio. [18] It was purchased by the Signoria of Florence from Piero's heirs Lorenzo and Giuliano de' Medici in 1476 and is now at the Bargello in Florence. Financial security always seemed to be a family problem. In the late 1470s Verrocchio produced two portrait sculptures. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The sculptural works either recorded to be by Verrocchio or actually extant are few in number. Wer ist Mona Lisa? Sie suchen die noch unentdeckten Probleme Ihrer Kunden? The only surviving painting that according to documentary proof should be by Verrocchio, an altarpiece of the Madonna and Child with Saints in the Donato de’ Medici Chapel of the cathedral at Pistoia, was not completed by the master himself. His pupils included Leonardo da Vinci, Pietro Perugino and Lorenzo di Credi. It had been left unfinished and was completed by Lorenzo di Credi when Verrocchio was in Venice near the end of his life. Another relief dates from 1478/79, when it was decided to extend the silver altar in the baptistery of the cathedral of Florence, and one of the four supplementary scenes was allotted to Verrocchio. He died in Venice in 1488. Verrocchio’s most important works were executed in the last two decades of his life. Andrea, den man aufgrund seiner äußerlichen Erscheinung und seiner schlichten Kleidung eher für einen einfachen Arbeiter als für einen Meister so berühmter Künstler halten konnte, wurde als ruhig, schweigsam, unscheinbar, im Alter weitsichtig werdend und zeitlebens als unermüdlich und gewissenhaft arbeitend beschrieben. [5] Giovanni Santi records that Botticelli, Luca Signorelli, and a young Filippino Lippi also visited or worked in Verrocchio's studio. [20], At a date unknown (suggestions range from 1465 to 1480: Pope-Hennessy said about 1470) he finished in bronze a Putto (winged boy) with Dolphin, originally intended for a fountain in the Medici villa of Careggi and later brought to Florence for a fountain in the Palazzo della Signoria by the Grand Duke Cosimo de' Medici. He was the son of Michele di Francesco Cioni, a maker of bricks and tiles who later became a tax collector. Heute ist die Zusammenführung von unterschiedlichen kreativen Kompetenzen übrigens ein Grundprinzip erfolgreicher Innovationsteams. Initially he was trained as a goldsmith. [8] The name has gradually evolved into the name Verrochi. Since the stylistic affinity of Verrocchio’s early sculpture is with the work of Antonio Rossellino rather than Donatello, this liaison seems doubtful. By the way: We don't like spam mails and, certainly, neither do you. In 1475 the Condottiero Colleoni, a former Captain General of the Republic of Venice, died and by his will left a substantial part of his estate to the Republic on condition that a statue of himself should be commissioned and set up in the Piazza San Marco. Beruflich war er in Venedig und Florenz tätig. c. 1435–1488 born Andrea di Michele di Francesco de' Cioni, was an Italian sculptor, goldsmith and painter who worked at the court of Lorenzo de' Medici. So liebte er es im Kreise seiner Freunde zur Laute zu greifen und kräftig mitzusingen. A penetrating realism distinguishes his terra-cotta bust of Giuliano de’ Medici (c. 1475/78) from the idealization of the individual that characterizes his marble bust known as Lady with Primroses (also called Woman Holding Flowers) (1475–80). It was completed by the spring of 1471. Es ist das Hauptwerk unter den Gemälden Verrocchios und stammt aus der zweiten Hälfte des 15. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Think you know your artists? In 1483 Verrocchio was commissioned by the Venetian government to undertake a second major work in bronze, a commemorative statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, a condottiere, or professional soldier, who had been employed by the Venetian republic. His father, Michele di Francesco Cioni, initially worked as a tile and brick maker, then later as a tax collector. Nicht nur als Künstler war da Vinci einer der wichtigsten Wegbereiter der Renaissance, auch seine Fähigkeiten als Wissenschaftler und Erfinder werden bis heute als außergewöhnlich angesehen. Three sculptors competed for the contract, Verrocchio from Florence, Alessandro Leopardi from Venice and Bartolomeo Vellano from Padua. Kurz darauf, vermutlich am 30.6.1488, starb er an den Folgen einer Erkältung, die er sich bei der Erstellung des Reiterdenkmals für den Söldnerführer Colleoni zugezogen hatte. Few paintings are attributed to him with certainty, but a number of important painters were trained at his workshop. Gleiches berichtete auch Vasari, als Architekt auch ein Pionier unter den Kunstchronikern und Zeitgenosse Leonardos. Other paintings ascribed to Verrocchio are the Madonna in the Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz of Berlin, the Tobias and the Angel (c. 1470–75) in the National Gallery in London, and the altarpiece, formerly in Santa Maria in Argiano, with Christ on the Cross between St. Jerome and St. Anthony.

verrocchio da vinci

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