Parece absurdo que, enquanto um velho burocrata, dificilmente capaz de caminhar, deve ainda estar vivo,.. uma mulher bonita, no meio de uma esplêndida carreira, deveria morrer na idade de quarenta e dois. Love at Peace in the Reign of Justice; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Introduite à la cour par relations, elle est remarquée par le roi Louis XV et devient sa maîtresse-en-titre, de 1745 à 1751. [2] These included the estate at Étiolles (28 km south of Paris), a wedding gift from her guardian, which was situated on the edge of the royal hunting ground of the forest of Sénart. Pompadour effectively played the role of prime minister, becoming responsible for appointing advancements, favors, and dismissals, and contributing in domestic and foreign politics.[20]. Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença. Acreditava que com os dotes naturais de sua filha, Jeanne-Antoinette poderia garantir uma vida melhor. [13] In 1744, Jeanne Antoinette sought to catch the eye of the King while he led the hunt in the forest of Sénart. Todos sabiam que o Monarca não ficaria muito tempo sem uma amante. [4], Madame de Pompadour foi filha primogênita de Louise-Madeleine de La Motte, casada com François Poisson. [38], Madame de Pompadour is considered an amateur printmaker who made print engravings with the help of Boucher. Other actresses to have played her include: "Madame Pompadour" redirects here. [6], Enquanto Louise-Madeleine descobria o que iria fazer em seguida, mandou Jeanne-Antoinette, então com cinco anos de idade, para estudar no convento das Irmãs Ursulinas em Poissy. Before all of court and the royal family, Louis unmasked himself before Jeanne Antoinette, who was dressed as Diana the Huntress, in reference to their encounter in the forest of Sénart. However, wanting to attract the King's notice, Jeanne Antoinette drove directly in front of the King's path, once in a pink phaeton, wearing a blue dress, and once in a blue phaeton, wearing a pink dress. However, her mother died on Christmas Day of the same year, and did not live to see her daughter's achievement of becoming the undisputed royal mistress. Apesar de terem deixado de ser amantes depois de 1750, eles continuaram amigos, e Luis XV foi dedicado a ela até sua morte em 1764 por tuberculose, na idade de quarenta e dois anos. [6], Já Louise-Madeleine vinha dos mesmos círculos que os irmãos Pâris. Hostile critics at the time generally tarred her as a malevolent political influence, but historians are more favorable, emphasizing her successes as a patron of the arts and a champion of French pride. Dog; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Looking at the rain during the departure of his mistress' coffin from Versailles, the devastated king reportedly said: "La marquise n'aura pas de beau temps pour son voyage." Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, a outrora Madame d'Etioles, seria apresentada à corte, mas para isso, era necessário antes de mais nada, que ela obtivesse um título de nobreza. Additionally, Jeanne Antoinette created her own salon at Étiolles, which was attended by many of the cultural elite, among them were Crébillon fils, Montesquieu, the Cardinal de Bernis, and Voltaire. Thomas Kaiser, "Madame de Pompadour and the Theatres of Power". O abismo intransponível que havia entre burguesia e aristocracia era sempre ressaltado, e que nunca uma burguesa seria o mesmo que uma marquesa ou duquesa. Pompadour's announcement was most prominently declared through her commission from Jean Baptiste Pigalle, of a sculpture representing herself as Amitié [friendship], offering herself to a now lost pendant sculpture of Louis XV. Voltaire wrote: "I am very sad at the death of Madame de Pompadour. [27] The end of this sexual relationship was in part attributed to Pompadour's poor health, as she suffered the aftereffects of whooping cough, recurring colds and bronchitis, spitting blood, headaches, three miscarriages to the King, as well as an unconfirmed case of leucorrhoea. She attained this influence through the appointment of her guardian Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, and later her brother, Abel Poisson in the post of Directeur Général des Bâtiments, which controlled government policy and expenditures for the arts. [9], Jeanne-Antoinette passou a frequentar circuito de reuniões refinadas nos grandes salões parisienses. [18] On 7 May, the official separation between her and her husband was pronounced. Quando Jeanne-Antoinette tinha quatro anos, seu pai se tornou bode expiatório em um escândalo do mercado negro envolvendo milho fornecido pelos irmãos Pâris. The King sent a gift of venison to her. [10] The couple had a son who died in infancy and a daughter, Alexandrine Le Normant d'Étiolles, born in 1744, who died at the age of nine. Madame de Pompadour persisted in her support of these policies, and when Cardinal de Bernis failed her, she brought Choiseul into office and supported and guided him in all his great plans: the Pacte de Famille, the suppression of the Jesuits and the Treaty of Paris (1763). Besides being one of the few 18th-century practitioners of gem engraving, she was an acclaimed stage actress in plays staged at her private theaters at Versailles and Bellevue (Hyde, 463-4). After the Queen engaged Pompadour in conversation by enquiring after a mutual acquaintance, Madame de Saissac, Pompadour responded in delight, swearing her respect and loyalty to Marie Leszczyńska. It was not, as often described, a harem; it was occupied by only one woman at a time. [10], Luis XV foi fiel à sua esposa por 10 anos tendo, nesses 10 anos, 10 filhos com a rainha, mas nem todos sobreviveram à primeira infância. Mas ainda havia muito o que aprender neste período em que ela teve que aprender os títulos e nomes da famílias mais importantes do reino, ela teve o auxílio do Abade de Bernis, de Voltaire e de alguns outros interessados em se beneficiar da posição de Marquesa de Pompadour e amante declarada do rei. [37] Like Pompadour, this style was critiqued by some as a pernicious "feminine" influence, despite the fact that it was embraced by many men as well as women (Hyde, 456-458). As suspeitas mais pungentes recaíam sobre o Conde de Maurepas, ministro da Marinha, que tinha sido um de seus mais ferrenhos inimigos, sempre conspirando contra ela. Tendo experimentado a vida com o açougueiro de baixa classe e depois experimentando o estilo de vida de alguns nobres que ela entretinha, Louise-Madeleine imaginava como sua pequena Reinette (rainhazinha), como ela chamava Jeanne-Antoinette, poderia se tornar, se trabalhasse duro e se colocasse nos lugares certos, a amante do rei. Trajando o obrigatório robe de cour negro, coberta de jóias, empoada e usando rouge, estava, a partir daquele momento, assumindo seu lugar no mundo de intrigas de Versalhes.[13]. [21] This was the beginning of the Diplomatic Revolution, which saw France allied to her former enemy Austria. She collected influential books such as the History of the Stuarts, printed in 1760 with her own printing press which can be determined through the stamp markings of her arms located on the cover. [11] Não tardou muito, e Luís demonstrou interesse por uma irmã da condessa de Mailly, Pauline, que veio a falecer ao dar à luz um filho do rei. ("The marquise will not have good weather for her journey". Once married, Le Normant d'Étiolles fell passionately in love with his wife, while she maintained that she would never leave him – except for the King. Luis XV teve outras amantes, como por exemplo Louise-Julie, a condessa de Mailly. Inicialmente, aos 11 anos de idade, Luís XV ficou noivo de uma infanta espanhola, mas a infanta acabou sendo mandada de volta para seu país. (He was cleared eight years later and allowed to return to France. [7], François conheceu os irmão Pâris quando atuava como almoxarife do setor de suprimentos do regimento de Due de Villars, depois disso François foi requisitado por sua integridade e ação imediata na organização dos suprimentos necessários quando ocorreu a peste na Provença. O tio Tonmehem tratava os filhos de Louise-Madeleine como se fossem seus. Apesar de sua falta de educação formal e da falta de maneiras, François tinha um talento nato para resolver as situações mais delicadas - qualidades que logo o tornaram indispensável para seus empregadores. I was indebted to her and I mourn her out of gratitude. Madame de Pompadour created 52 engraved prints, of drawings by Boucher, after gemstone engravings by Guay. [29] Furthermore, in 1750 the Jubilee year placed pressure upon the King to repent of his sins and renounce his mistress. [6], Charles Le Normam de Tournehem, um rico solteirão e mecenas, assumiu a guarda de Madame Poisson e sua família. "[14]Muitos de seus inimigos ficaram, no entanto, aliviados. Mesmo seus inimigos admiravam sua coragem durante as dolorosas semanas finais. On 8 February 1756, the Marquise de Pompadour was named as the thirteenth lady in waiting to the queen, a position considered the most prestigious at the court, which accorded her with honors.[2]. Madame de Pompadour. Jeanne, na verdade, foi agraciada com o título de Duquesa de Pompadour, em 12 de outubro de 1752, mas nunca chegou a utilizar o título, apenas seus privilégios, como o de poder sentar na presença do rei e da família real e o de utilizar a Coroa Ducal em seu brasão e carruagens. For other uses, see, Christine Pevitt, Madame de Pompadour: mistress of France (New York: Grove Press, 2003), 8–9. Infant Bacchus; engraving by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Even her enemies admired her courage during the final painful weeks. In addition to supporting the arts as a patron, Pompadour also participated in them more directly. I giorni che precedettero la morte di Madame de Pompadour, (15 Aprile 1764) non erano un granché anche per Madame du Deffand, che allora aveva 67 anni, alle prese con quello che considerava un tradimento della sua diletta nipote Madame de Lespinasse. [39] She had engraving equipment, to create the prints of works by Boucher and Guay, brought within her personal apartments in Versailles[40], Her political mind can also be attributed to her great book collection. [5] To be presented at court, she required a title. ポンパドゥール夫人(仏: Madame de Pompadour )ことポンパドゥール侯爵夫人ジャンヌ=アントワネット・ポワソン(仏: Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, 1721年 12月29日 - 1764年 4月15日)は、ルイ15世の公妾。 Henceforth she became known as “Reinette”, meaning "little queen", and was groomed to become the mistress of Louis XV. Enquanto François estava no fronte Louise-Madeleine passou a compartilhar da companhia de vários homens, na maioria nobres. Nas palavras de Marcelle Tinayre, vizinha e amiga íntima dos Poissons, Madame Poisson deu à filha a "educação de uma cortesã superior". [4], Jeanne Antoinette Poisson was born on 29 December 1721 in Paris to François Poisson (1684–1754) and his wife Madeleine de La Motte (1699–1745). She secured titles of nobility for herself and her relatives, and built a network of clients and supporters. Havia chegado a hora e a vez de Madame d'Etioles.[12]. Após o casamento, a jovem Jeanne-Antoinette ficou conhecida como Madame d'Etioles. Tendo ele mesmo cuidado do futuro financeiro do sobrinho, tornando-o sócio minoritário em várias pequenas empresas coletoras de impostos, e em 15 de dezembro de 1740 Tournehem deserdou todos os outros parentes, fazendo deste único sobrinho seu herdeiro absoluto. Because she occupied an estate near this location she was permitted to follow the royal party at a distance. She alone was able to captivate and amuse him, and would entertain Louis with elegant parties, afternoons of hunting, and journeying among their various real estate holdings. As investigações para a obtenção do título recaíram sobre o Marquesado de Pompadour, uma propriedade no Limousino, cuja posse não era exata. Politics Jeanne Antoinette Poisson is better remembered as Madame de Pompadour, the official chief mistress of Louis XV. Era considerada de uma classe socialmente superior a do marido e, segundo rumores, os irmãos Pâris combinaram seu casamento com Poisson para fornecer a Claude Le Blanc, secretário de Estado da guerra, acesso mais fácil a ela. She was very sensitive to the unending libels called poissonnades, analogous to mazarinade against Cardinal Mazarin and a pun on her family name, Poisson, which means "fish" in French. Pompadour was an indispensable comfort to Louis who was prone to melancholy and boredom. Los Angeles County Museum of Art", Occupation of Saint-Nizier church by Lyon prostitutes, Parisian Women in Algerian Costume (The Harem), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madame_de_Pompadour&oldid=987504872, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox noble with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [1], Pompadour took charge of the king's schedule and was a valued aide and advisor, despite her frail health and many political enemies. [39] Her collection of work, in book form, is called "Suite d'Estampes Gravées Par Madame la Marquise de Pompadour d'Apres les Pierres Gravées de Guay, Graveur du Roy"[42] which translates to in English as "Series of Prints engraved by Madame la Marquise de Pompadour after the engraved stones of Guay, engraver of the King". A biopic came out three years later called Madame Pompadour directed by Herbert Wilcox, in which she was played by Dorothy Gish. It is suspected that her biological father was either the rich financier Jean Pâris de Monmartel or the tax collector (fermier général) Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem. It seems absurd that while an ancient pen-pusher, hardly able to walk, should still be alive, a beautiful woman, in the midst of a splendid career, should die at the age of forty-two. Isto até 1719 quando foi transferido para o front na guerra da Quádrupla Aliança. Hooper-Hamersley, The Hunt, 64 and Gere and Vaizey, Great Women Collectors, 46. Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise of Pompadour (/ˈpɒmpədʊər/, French: [pɔ̃paduʁ] (listen); 29 December 1721 – 15 April 1764), commonly known as Madame de Pompadour, was a member of the French court. Ela e sua mãe conversaram abertamente sobre como colocá-la no lugar apropriado para chamar a atenção do rei, para escalar "o Olimpo de Versalhes". Her importance was such that she was approached in 1755 by Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, a prominent Austrian diplomat, asking her to intervene in the negotiations which led to the Treaty of Versailles. Mas a decisão de Luis XV já estava tomada. [3], Governava Versalhes, concedia audiências a embaixadores e tomava decisões sobre todas as questões ligadas à concessão de favores, de forma tão absoluta quanto qualquer monarca. Existem fatos que indicam que Monsieur de Tournehem viesse considerando essa união já há um certo tempo. Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, an avid 19th-century collector in London and Waddesdon Manor, collected a number of her books, including this previously mentioned book and a copy of her published catalogue of books from 1764, which lists her entire collection.[41]. Questa morte le condizionò profondamente lo spirito, sempre teso e incerto sul suo presente accanto al re. [17], By March, she was the king's mistress, installed at Versailles in an apartment directly above his. The oil sketch of Pompadour's lost portrait by Boucher sits in the Starhemberg room at Waddesdon Manor built by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, surrounded by Sèvres porcelain, another industry that she greatly influenced and innovated through personal dissemination across an international network of her own clientele. Era inaceitável que Luis XV tomasse como amante uma mulher que, embora rica, bela e culta, viesse da burguesia. Hooper-Hamersley, The Hunt,71 and Levron, Katherine K. Gordon, "“Madame de Pompadour, Pigalle, and the Iconography of Friendship,”", The Life of the Marquise de Pompadour in 3 minutes, Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, Louis François Armand du Plessis, duc de Richelieu, "More than a Mistress: Madame de Pompadour was a Minister of the Arts", "Were champagne glasses modeled on the breasts of Madame de Pompadour? [14] Though the King's current mistress, Madame de Châteauroux (Marie Anne de Mailly), had warned off Jeanne Antoinette, the position became vacant on 8 December 1744 when Châteauroux died. [9], At the age of nineteen, Jeanne Antoinette was married to Charles Guillaume Le Normant d'Étiolles, the nephew of her guardian, Charles Le Normant de Tournehem, who initiated the match and the large financial incentives that came with it. Como os ajustes para a obtenção de seu título correram bem, Jeanne-Antoinette, agora Marquesa de Pompadour, passaria o verão em sua antiga propriedade, Etioles, aprendendo os estranhos e confusos hábitos da corte de Versalhes, adquirindo o refinamento para alcançar tudo aquilo que almejava e que lhe fora dado a acreditar desde tenra idade.

madame de pompadour morte

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