View north from Arcadia Hotel, 1893 (note the 3 piers). Tongva Park occupies 6 acres between Ocean Avenue and Main Street, just south of Colorado Avenue. The 1994 Northridge earthquake caused the loss of many residences and historic buildings, particularly on the north side of the city. The La Monica Ballroom on the pier was once the largest ballroom in the US and the source for many New Year's Eve national network broadcasts. [17] The Japanese village fishermen were an integral economic part of the Santa Monica Bay community. The second half, an amusement park pier, was built later and the two rival piers were merged. (2005) and Google (2006), gentrification continues. Performers that have appeared over the decades include: Joan Baez, The Beach Boys, Tony Bennett, David Bowie, Dave Brubeck, Buzzcocks, The Carpenters, Ray Charles, The Clash, Bill Cosby, Bob Dylan, Ella Fitzgerald, Allen Ginsberg, Arlo Guthrie, Jimi Hendrix, Bob Hope, Elton John, Led Zeppelin, André Previn, Public Enemy, Ramones, The Rolling Stones, Pete Seeger, Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, T.Rex, Jonathan Winters, and countless others. Due in part to the placement of publicly available terminals in libraries, homeless persons and their issues received considerable attention on PEN. However, Democratic Congressman Henry Waxman, one of those who opposed the Purple Line's extension, has recently reconsidered extending the Purple Line into Santa Monica. Rex. Investors gather to buy lots in the new "City on the Sea", 1875. Business started springing up. The franchise business was sold in the 1970s, but Kolpin still owns and operates the original store as of 2003. Hate crime levels returned to their minimal 2000 levels by 2002. The name for the springs has since reverted to Kuruvungna ("the place where we are in the sun"), which is what the Tongva People have called them all along. [48] The majority of this was property crime, which affected 3.74% of Santa Monica's population in 2006; this was higher than the rates for Los Angeles County (2.76%) and California (3.17%),[49] but lower than the national average (3.91%). After state Attorney General Earl Warren got a court order to shut the ships down as a nuisance, the crew of the Rex initially fought off police by using water cannons and brandishing sub-machine guns. The Aero Theater (now operated by the American Cinematheque) and Criterion Theater were built in the 1930s and still show movies. Santa Monica borders the L.A. neighborhoods of Pacific Palisades to the north and Venice to the south. The completion of the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in 1958 eliminated Belmar, the first African American community in the city,[22] and the Santa Monica Freeway in 1966 decimated the Pico neighborhood that had been a leading African American enclave on the Westside. The engine-less ship surrendered after nine days in what newspapers called The Battle of Santa Monica Bay. In 1967 it moved into the swank Del Mar Club until 1978. [37], The city is also in the process of implementing a 5-year and 20 year Bike Action Plan with a goal of attaining 14 to 35% bicycle transportation mode share by 2030 through the installation of enhanced bicycle infrastructure throughout the city. Santa Monica hosts the annual Santa Monica Film Festival. The northern sections of the city of Santa Monica once belonged to Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica and Rancho Boca de Santa Monica. Currently, 77% of all solid waste produced citywide is diverted from landfills. Santa Monica usually enjoys cool breezes blowing in from the ocean, which tend to keep the air fresh and clean. Just east of Santa Monica is Interstate 405, the San Diego Freeway, a major north–south route in Los Angeles and Orange counties. Since 2009, Santa Monica has been developing the Zero Waste Strategic Operations Plan by which the city will set a goal of diverting at least 95% of all waste away from landfills, and toward recycling and composting, by 2030. Popular tourists sites include Pacific Park on the Santa Monica Pier[12] and Palisades Park atop a bluff over the Pacific Ocean. Colorado Place, Water Garden, and other nearby office developments on the east side of town attracted MGM, Sony, Symantec, and other corporations. The town's new business district was initially centered around the current Third Street Promenade. In all, 100 buildings were condemned outright, including 3,100 apartment units, while far more suffered repairable damage. In a more modest show of entrepreneurship, Merle Norman founded her cosmetic business, Merle Norman Cosmetics in 1931 by making creams and cosmetics on her kitchen stove. The Santa Monica Civic Auditorium was an important music venue for several decades and hosted the Academy Awards in the 1960s. [17][18][19], Handcock, Ralph, "Fabulous Boulevard", Funk & Wagnalls, 1949, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences,,, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, List of City of Santa Monica Designated Historic Landmarks, "The Tragic History of L.A.'s Black Family Beach Havens", "Random Lengths News (", "Five shot near Santa Monica College minutes after President Obama's motorcade passed by", "Santa Monica shooting victim dies, bringing toll to 5", Imagine Santa Monica – Santa Monica Public Library's Digitized Historical Collections, Tom Morello, Serj Tankian Break Law To Feed Homeless –, "Social Norms and Implications of Santa Monica's PEN (Public Electronic Network)". There were 44,497 households, out of which 15.8% had children under the age of 18, 27.5% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 62.3% were non-families. A Music War were shot there. The Main Street district offers an eclectic mix of clothing, restaurants, and other specialty retail. It was the first of what became nine community organizations that serve as neighborhood advocates. The first lots in Santa Monica were sold on July 15, 1875. The storms destroyed more than a third of the pier, along with stores, bars, cars, and a large crane brought in to begin repairs. While the Santa Monica Pier had been preserved from intentional destruction in 1973, it was nonetheless poorly maintained. [13], Santa Monica was inhabited by the Tongva people. The city of Santa Monica is also served by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority's (Metro) bus lines. Studies were made for rehabilitation of the pier and repair of the breakwater, but they were never acted upon. The completion of the Santa Monica Freeway in 1966 brought the promise of new prosperity, though at the cost of decimating the Pico neighborhood that had been a leading African American enclave on the Westside. The Santa Monica Playhouse is a popular theater in the city. On June 7, 2013, a killing spree occurred in several locations at or near the campus of Santa Monica College. When the Southern Pacific Railroad arrived at Los Angeles, a controversy erupted over where to locate the seaport. [9][10], In 1945, Santa Monica City College started the Community Radio Workshop (CRW) to teach returning GIs broadcasting and used the call letters KCRW. The Japanese village fishermen were an integral economic part of the Santa Monica Bay community.[6]. The plan includes a food waste composting program, which diverts 3 million pounds of restaurant food waste away from landfills annually. The Sepulveda family sold 38,409 acres (155 km2) of Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica for $54,000 in 1872 to Colonel Robert S. Baker and his wife, Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker. It is Santa Monica's oldest extant structure. The comedy It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963) included several scenes shot in Santa Monica, including those along the California Incline, which led to the movie's treasure spot, "The Big W". Third Street is closed to vehicles for those three blocks to allow people to stroll, congregate, shop and enjoy street performers. Around the start of the 20th century, a growing population of Asian Americans lived in or near Santa Monica and Venice. The Hotel burned in 1887. The plan did not last: San Pedro Bay, now known as the Port of Los Angeles, was selected by the United States Congress in 1897. It had been converted into rooming houses and was decrepit. [130] In Marlowe's world, Bay City is "a wide-open town", where gambling and other crimes thrive due to a massively corrupt and ineffective police force. One says that it was named in honor of the feast day of Saint Monica (mother of Saint Augustine), but her feast day is actually May 4. The city of Santa Monica runs its own bus service, the Big Blue Bus, which also serves much of West Los Angeles and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Universities and colleges within a 22-mile (35 km) radius from Santa Monica include Santa Monica College, Antioch University Los Angeles, Loyola Marymount University, Mount St. Mary's University, Pepperdine University, California State University, Northridge, California State University, Los Angeles, UCLA, USC, West Los Angeles College, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Occidental College (Oxy), Los Angeles City College, Los Angeles Southwest College, Los Angeles Valley College, and Emperor's College of Traditional Oriental Medicine. The Douglas Company (later McDonnell Douglas) kept facilities in the city until 1975. The hotel was the site where Colonel Griffith J. Griffith shot his wife in 1903, which led to their divorce and his (short) imprisonment. [36] The city's Main Library is one of many LEED certified or LEED equivalent buildings in the city. [97] Santa Monica is thought to be one of the leaders for bicycle infrastructure and programming in Los Angeles County although cycling infrastructure in Los Angeles County in general remains very poor compared to other major cities. Pacific Ocean Park, the last of the great amusement piers, opened in 1958. All Rights Reserved. [88], The district maintains three high schools in Santa Monica: Olympic High School, Malibu High School and Santa Monica High School. Many SMC graduates transfer to the University of California system. Iron Man features the Santa Monica pier and surrounding communities as Tony Stark tests his experimental flight suit. [35] The city has numerous programs designed to promote water conservation among residents, including a rebate for those who convert lawns to drought-tolerant gardens that require less water.[34]. Government sovereignty in California passed from Mexico to the US on February 2, 1848. The southern rim of the canyon is the oldest residential part of Santa Monica, while most of the canyon is in the City of Los Angeles. Local residents succeeded in forcing the city to significantly limit its hours of operation. However, the city experienced a spike of anti-Islamic hate crime in 2001, following the attacks of September 11. The 3,000-seat Santa Monica Civic Auditorium, built on the site of an early African American neighborhood in the city known as Belmar, designed in the International Style by Welton Becket, opened in 1958. Amusement piers became enormously popular in the first decades of the 20th century. It happens suddenly and it may last some hours or past sunset time. Around the start of the 20th century, a growing population of Asian Americans lived in and around Santa Monica and Venice. Santa Monica Pier Area/Ocean Avenue Wilshire Boulevard B ordered by two major thoroughfares, Wilshire and Olympic boulevards, and two Expo Line stations, this easily accessible neighborhood gets plenty of attention for its arts and entertainment offerings, particularly 18th Street Arts Center, Bergamot Station’s galleries and The Broad Stage’s shows, as well as top-notch eateries. The Santa Monica Promenade alone supports more than a dozen movie screens. Further south on Main Street, the mixed-use museum, retail, and restaurant complex, Edgemar – also designed by Frank Gehry – opened in 1988. [56] Several days later Juan Martin Campos, age 23, a Santa Monica city employee, was shot and killed. A new charter was adopted in 1906 that converted the city government to a Mayor – Council form of government. Rent controls remained on inhabited units, leading to stories of landlords harassing existing tenants in order to make them leave so that higher rents could be charged.[15]. What is known for certain is that by the 1820s, the name Santa Monica was in use and the name's first official mention occurred in 1827 in the form of a grazing permit,[2] quickly followed by the grant filing for the Rancho Boca de Santa Monica in 1828. Its cemetery is Woodlawn Memorial. The city of Santa Monica rests on a mostly flat slope that angles down towards Ocean Avenue and towards the south. The Santa Monica Freeway (Interstate 10) begins in Santa Monica near the Pacific Ocean and heads east. As a response to the corruption and inefficiency that grew in the 1930s, the current charter was enacted in 1946. [95] The city is traversed by the Marvin Braude Bike Trail. The Census reported 87,610 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,299 (1.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 827 (0.9%) were institutionalized. [1][self-published source? The Purple Line was originally to be extended into Santa Monica, but was stopped due to legislative action. [58][59], In 1999, there was a double homicide in the Westside Clothing store on Lincoln Boulevard. Vawter and named the area Ocean Park in 1895. Santa Monica has a coastal Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb). The Museum of Flying was opened on the same site another decades later, in 1989. In 2006, crime in Santa Monica affected 4.41% of the population, slightly lower than the national average crime rate that year of 4.48%. According to the 2010 United States Census, Santa Monica had a median household income of $73,649, with 11.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[44]. The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size was 2.80. The per capita income for the city was $42,874. Santa Monica fleet vehicles and buses source their natural gas from Redeem, a Southern California-based supplier of renewable and sustainable natural gas obtained from non-fracked methane biogas generated from organic landfill waste. and the nation (0.55%). Water taxis ferried patrons from Santa Monica and Venice. (The Santa Monica Mall, just prior to its conversion to the Third Street Promenade, is a location for some scenes in the movie, Pee-wee's Big Adventure). Ambulance transportation is provided by McCormick Ambulance Services. The median age was 39 years. 51.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. is set at a dance marathon held in a ballroom on the Santa Monica Pier. The city's well field is in the Charnock Sub-Basin, a small aquifer in Mar Vista, Los Angeles that both Santa Monica and Culver City draw upon. Beach volleyball is believed to have been developed by Duke Kahanamoku in Santa Monica during the 1920s.[23]. The Evening Outlook, which had been purchased by the Copley Press newspaper chain in 1983, was closed in 1998 after 123 years of reporting. Between 1988 and 1998, taxable sales in the city grew 440%, quadrupling city revenues. There are two different versions of the naming of the city. This aspect of the city is depicted in various Raymond Chandler novels, where Santa Monica is thinly disguised as Bay City. Nevada Senator John P. Jones bought a half interest in Baker's property in 1874. [25] Because of its location, nestled on the vast and open Santa Monica Bay, morning fog is a common phenomenon in May, June, July and early August (caused by ocean temperature variations and currents). The Promenade caught on. 30,067 people (33.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 57,543 people (64.1%) lived in rental housing units. Following this discovery other water districts began testing that revealed tens of thousands of MTBE pollution cases across the United States. The water is used for landscape irrigation. [96] Local bicycle advocacy organizations include Santa Monica Spoke, a local chapter of the Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition. Montana Avenue is a stretch of luxury boutique stores, restaurants, and small offices that generally features more upscale shopping. It closed in 1968. The Santa Monica Track Club, founded in 1972 by Joe Douglas, has helped the careers of many Olympians, such as Carl Lewis. Some organizations have deliberately disobeyed these laws. Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. founded the Douglas Aircraft Company in 1921 with his first plant on Wilshire Boulevard. For other uses, see, Location within the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area, Show map of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Puig, Claudia. After a falling out with his partners he focused on the south end of the property, which he made into Venice of America. At the northern end of Main Street adjacent to the still-declining Santa Monica Mall, a city block was levelled in 1980 to build a new mall, Santa Monica Place, designed by architect Frank Gehry. At times, the sun can be shining east of 20th Street, while the beach area is overcast. Due to a favorable climate and close proximity to Los Angeles, Santa Monica became a famed resort town by the early 20th century attracting many celebrities, like Marion Davies, to build magnificent beach front homes on Roosevelt Highway (PCH). Retails rents in the development area also quadrupled. (Later KCRW became a popular and innovative NPR affiliate.). Official guide for visitors to Santa Monica, California. The vehicle will be equipped with a Scelzi utility body, it is based on the Isuzu N series chassis, a UQM PowerPhase 100 advanced electric motor and is the only US built electric truck offered for sale in the United States in 2009.[102]. Santa Monica has a bike action plan[94] and launched a bicycle sharing system in November 2015. Some area residents have complained that the stairs have become too popular, and attract too many exercisers to the wealthy neighborhood of multimillion-dollar properties. It includes public art, a totem pole, camera obscura, benches, picnic areas, pétanque courts, and restrooms. The pier itself had dilapidated bars, an odd plaster statue store, and creepy game arcades. The Rex was a red flag to anti-gambling interests. The 1938 Art Deco structure was designed by Donald Parkinson and features terrazzo mosaics by Stanton MacDonald-Wright. [105], Law enforcement services is provided by the Santa Monica Police Department, The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Simms/Mann Health and Wellness Center in Santa Monica. There were 47,863 housing units at an average density of 5,794.0 per square mile (2,237.3/km2). Privacy Policy, We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. The increasingly upscale nature of the city – not just the northern part, which was always affluent, but the southern Ocean Park neighborhood as well which has become a favorite of those in the entertainment industry – has created some tensions between newcomers and longtime residents nostalgic for the more bohemian, countercultural past. Santa Monica Place, featuring Bloomingdale's and Nordstrom in a three-level outdoor environment, is at the Promenade's southern end. American Grand Prix – includes map of racing route. The two ethnic minorities were often viewed differently by White Americans who were often well-disposed towards the Japanese but condescending towards the Chinese. One says it was named in honor of the feast day of Saint Monica (mother of Saint Augustine), but her feast day is May 4. Earning over 2% in the 2012 and 2016 elections, after failing to reach one percent in any of the three prior elections. A strict rent control ordinance passed in 1979 and SMRR achieved a council majority in 1981. Nevertheless, with the recent corporate additions of Yahoo! One of them, the Loews, is on the site of the long forgotten Arcadia Hotel. Wooden piers turned out to be readily flammable, but even destroyed piers were soon replaced. Santa Monica Fire Department has its own Dispatch Center. The earliest part of the current Santa Monica Pier, which is now the last remaining amusement pier, was built in 1909 on what was referred to as the North Bay. One report gives citywide employment in 1933 of just 1,000. At the time it was constructed, it was the longest pier in the world at 4700 feet, and accommodated a train. A Big Blue Bus was featured prominently in the action movie Speed. It has developed two plans, including the Metro Expo Line and Metro Purple Line both which would extend into Santa Monica. The Santa Monica Freeway between Santa Monica and downtown Los Angeles has the distinction of being one of the busiest highways in all of North America. A sequence in Chandler's Farewell, My Lovely was inspired by the true story of the S.S. The city of Santa Monica is consistently among the most educated cities in the United States, with 23.8 percent of all residents holding graduate degrees.[46]. Douglas's business grew with the onset of World War II, employing as many as 44,000 people in 1943. However, in the autumn months of September through November, the Santa Ana winds will sometimes blow from the east, bringing smoggy and hot inland air to the beaches. Show and Urgh! Horace McCoy's 1935 novel They Shoot Horses, Don't They? The pleasure piers were a cheap form of entertainment that got cheaper, attracting a coarser crowd. The pier housed a spacious dance hall, two carousels, the Crooked House fun house, the Grand Electric Railroad, the Starland Vaudeville Theater, Breaker's Restaurant and a Panama Canal model exhibit. One well had a concentration of 600 parts per billion, while another rose from 14 parts per billion to 490 parts per billion within a year. Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on five sides by different neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Pacific Palisades to the north, Brentwood on the northeast, West Los Angeles on the east, Mar Vista on the southeast, and Venice on the south. A new charter was adopted in 1914 that converted the city government to a commission form. Soon it was attracting increasingly expensive boutiques and restaurants. [2], Regarding the latter, Crespi did note in his diary that the group found a Tongva village at the springs (where the SE corner of the campus of University High School is today). On July 16, 2003, George Russell Weller drove his Buick at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour through the busy downtown Farmers Market, which was held on a city street that was closed to vehicular traffic by temporary signage at each end. [18], Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field (Santa Monica Airport) for the Douglas Aircraft Company. [24] It is in USDA plant hardiness zone 10a. Palisades Park stretches out along the crumbling bluffs overlooking the Pacific and is a favorite walking area to view the ocean. Conn's Ocean Park Community Organization (OPCO) was formed in 1979 as an adjunct to the Church in Ocean Park, partly in reaction to the rapid pace of change along Main Street. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.1%. He built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field (Santa Monica Airport), which was in use for 46 years. VCA Animal Hospitals is just outside the eastern city limit.[66]. The plant produced 600 million ballpoint pens in 1971 and closed in 2005. Commercial flights are available for residents at LAX, a few miles south of Santa Monica. During the 1970s, a remarkable number of notable fitness- and health-related businesses started in the city. It is built over a 200,000 gallon cistern that collects filtered stormwater from the roof. In 2006, the City Council approved plans for the first ever public beach club, which included the rehabilitation of the property and construction of new facilities. PEN also served as a center to organize opposition to the 1990 proposal to redevelop 415 PCH. The first non-indigenous group to set foot in the area was the party of explorer Gaspar de Portolà, who camped near the present-day intersection of Barrington and Ohio Avenues on August 3, 1769. [99] US government sovereignty in California began on February 2, 1848. McCabe's Guitar Shop is a leading acoustic performance space as well as retail outlet. ", "Critical Mass bike ride may be at braking point", "Santa Monica will allow Lime, Bird, Lyft and JUMP to operate e-scooters", "Santa Monica Introduces Electric Zero Truck Into City Fleet: #evworld", "Max Fried's Birthright From Israel to SunTrust Park", "Amid Controversies and Legal Battles, Justin Gimelstob Puts SoCal Home Up For Rent", "Julie Heldman helped open up women's tennis", "ANITA KANTER TOPS MISS HART IN 3 SETS; Gains 6-0, 3-6, 10-8 Victory Over Former Wimbledon Champion at Essex", "2001 Washington Freedom Roster on", "Alt and Straight TikTok Both Agree on Rapper Ppcocaine", "Olympic fire still burns for 93-year-old Floridian Frank Spellman, weighlifting medalist", "Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Santa Monica, California, USA, "Third Street Promenade Before the Gap Even Existed", "David E. Kelley Has a Romantic Reason for Setting 'Goliath' in Santa Monica", Sets and Locations Sets and Locations, "Filming Locations for Buffy the Vampire Slayer", "Dedication Ceremony for Park to Be Held Sunday", "System Of A Down – Lost In Hollywood Lyrics", "Weezer – Hash Pipe Lyrics | MetroLyrics", Image of zoning map of Los Angeles outlining Santa Monica,1927,,_California&oldid=989273351, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Santa Monica Alternative School House [SMASH], This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 01:16.

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